UE Matter radiation interaction

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Degrees incorporating this pedagocial element :


Chapter I: Introduction and review

- Subatomic units

- Dosimetry basics

- Review of geometry (2D - 3D, change in variables and Jacobian transformation matrix)

- Special relativity toolkit

 Chapter II: Matter-radiation interactions

- The atom in all its forms

- Photons: modes of interaction, cross-section, attenuation coefficients

- Neutrons

- Energy loss in electrons and positrons

- Energy loss in charged particles: collision stopping power and establishment of the Bethe-Bloch formula

- Radiation stopping power and introduction to braking radiation (Bremsstrahlung)

- Additional information on dE/dx, the Bragg peak

- Combination of photon-electron interactions: electromagnetic showers

- Energy loss in massive charged particles

- Difference in stopping power

 Chapter III: Particle detection

- Gaseous detectors and detection modes (ionisation chambers, proportional amplification and Geiger mode)

- Other gaseous detectors

- Semiconductor solid-state detectors: silicon, germanium, diamond

- Scintillator detectors, production, amplification and measurement of scintillation light

- Detector effects, measuring system and gamma spectrometry

- Examples of detector applications: positron emission tomography, contamination meters, and particle detectors at the LHC

- Scanning electron microscope

Recommended prerequisite

Students will need to know how to use derivatives and integrals. There are no prerequisites regarding the bachelor degree, however, it is strongly recommended for students to have followed a module in subatomic physics.

Targeted skills

A. Lyoussi : détection de rayonnements et instrumentation nucléaire, EDP Sciences

G. F. Knoll : radiation detection and measurement, Ed. wiley

W. R. Leo : Techniques for nuclear and particle physics experiments : a how-to approach, Ed. Springley-Verlag

D. Blanc : Les rayonnements ionisants : détection, dosimétrie, spectrométrie, Ed. Masson