Master in Materials science and engineering

Master in Materials science and engineering

Bio refinery and bio materials 1st and 2nd year

Presentation and goals

The course Biorefinery and Biomaterials of the Master Science and Materials Engineering is aimed at students wishing to move towards the professions of valorization of plant biomass into chemicals, energy and biomaterials.
This training is offered in French and English in 1st year and in English in 2nd year of master.

The transformation of plant biomass into energy, chemicals and polymers is an important component of the green economy. It contributes to drastically reducing greenhouse gas emissions, intensifying recycling and limiting waste.

Bioenergy, biofuels, bioproducts and biopolymers are today realities. However, the growth of their production must be considerably accelerated so that their contribution is up to the stakes. This development involves new skills.

The biorefinery is the operation that goes from the plant resource to the production of energy and chemicals. Although similar in definition to a refinery, the great diversity of materials and the richness of their chemical composition make the biorefinery a process engineering operation with very specific conditions. The chemistry associated with it is also different from petrochemistry:
♦ the structure of plant constituents is constructed with three essential atoms (C, H, O) - against two for petroleum (C, H) - which is a source of greater complexity;
♦ these structures represent complex organic architectures, which can be valorised as such, which can be an asset for the production of products and materials with new properties.

Presentation

Presentation

Programme strengths

The Biorefinery and Biomaterials program encompasses the entire sector, ranging from the supply of lignocellulosic biomass, mainly wood, to the production of chemicals, biofuels, synthons and biopolymers, replacing fossil products. Emphasis is placed on the knowledge of the constituents of lignocellulosic biomass (lignin, hemicelluloses, celluloses, extractables) and their chemistry as well as chemical, physicochemical and biotechnological processes allowing them to be separated, purified or modified with a view to their valorization (biorefinery).

The cellulose industry is the focus of attention as it has the greatest potential for mass production of bioproducts - including cellulose fibers, fibrils, micro and nanocrystals - as well as sugars, hydrates carbon in general and lignin, immediately available for recovery. The knowledge also relates to the thermal transformations of biomass (roasting, pyrolysis, gasification) and the synthesis of new polymers and composites for the design of biomaterials with specific properties: new functions, biodegradability, food contact ...

The skills acquired in chemistry, processes, biotechnology, polymerization, applied to the valorization of plant biomass, are appreciated in many industrial sectors: cellulose, textile, cosmetics, detergents, paints, plastics, packaging, energy, food, pharmacy ...

This multidisciplinary course includes chemistry, biology, enzymatic catalysis, fermentation, process engineering, chemical and biotechnological engineering, polymerization and resistance of materials. It also includes notions of production costs, sector savings and environmental impact.

Training in collaboration with :
- Laboratory of Papermaking Process Engineering
- Industrial partners

Programme

Programme

A quarter of the teaching units (EU) common with the course Electrochemistry and Processes of the master SGM.
Average hourly volume: 60 h (master 1) and 50 h (master 2) for a UE = 6 ECTS.
Internship = 30 ECTS (Master thesis).
Teaching English or French = 48 h.
Teaching related to professional integration = 12 ECTS.

Registration and scholarships

Registration and scholarships

Entrance requirements

To integrate a master 1: hold a level 3 license or equivalent.
To integrate a master 2: to hold a master 1 or equivalent.

Candidature

Registration deadline: May 13, 2019
See the website: online application

Prerequisites

- Anglais : niveau B1 du CECR requis.
- Français : niveau B1 du CECR recommandé.

Target group

Le master SGM - Parcours Bioraffinerie et Biomatériaux est ouvert aux étudiants français et étrangers.
→ Accès en 1re ou 2e année suivant le niveau, en formation initiale ou continue.
→ Accès en 2e année ouvert aux titulaires d’un master 1 en chimie, biochimie, procédés, matériaux polymères ou thématiques équivalentes

And after

And after

Further studies

PhD in Engineering - Materials, Mechanics, Environment, Energy, Processes, Production

Sectors of activity

Chemical industry, energy production, plastics, cosmetics, cellulose industry